� There are several branches of geology that have more focus. 0000016284 00000 n It is a process by which planets have grown in sizes by adding smaller bodies to the larger ones. 306 77 (The fine-grained equivalent of gabbro.) 0000009500 00000 n Flashcards. A kind of granite, so called because it was brought from Syene in Egypt. 0000004080 00000 n Definitions of terminology used in geology. �����FN���C�O�;.����Ɠ��z ���(��������o@���lp����7d`;���� �;�# ICELANDIC-ENGLISH GLOSSARY OF SELECTED GEOSCIENCE TERMS Richard S. Williams, Jr. U.S. Geological Survey Quissett Campus Woods Hole, MA 02543 U.S.A. U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OPEN-FILE REPORT 95-807. 0000014984 00000 n Ocean tide - The rising and falling of sea levels at the coastline due to the gravitational forces of the Moon and the Sun. Glossary of Terms. p. 358. In the NRI, land cover is the vegetation or other kind of material that covers the land surface. Log in Sign up. An object of this type is referred to as autochthonous. Log in Sign up. 382 0 obj <>stream Opposite of phaneritic. OO����VY %�zM�� ��%"0�O��q.+?AS��� �N�����WP-���Z�|�NC��5j;��Mi@��0�U�@���rb�0ϋ�� z���ݵ�:K4΄M5��D�E~}!_���y��|�V�.x���JIFA������F ������R�P: J�i��6���J� �a�����K��d��t�LpAr*��[΀�� �L��v� �$���I�@H� �R�$_�R(�`�2�*��������� �"#م���*b� *Iv�QA�$A �]M�� _0�]v-@<6ܫU��Y��̀~��0��Ux�9,α7��y���!y�[�I�^�Lf)0g σLd�� G�$�m��f�,�r��L , 0000004360 00000 n 0000007326 00000 n 0000012290 00000 n 0000016394 00000 n startxref aphanitic - An igneous rock in which the matrix grains are too small to be seen with the unaided eye. h�b```��p>�c`f`�sL` @#��f��E�������*N���ذJimw�^�F%��@�B�8=��,s����r`Ϥs^�Uc&3�x��|��ȹ�D�ɲ��'�&P�ڽI}�a��zs&�:�M]b�a����x�Z�O���#��#hZׅ���vw��{�rz�qW#d+S~�������Rf_:���l��ɬ�e�rՃr�nn��er;s�e�-�V������sӂ��IVhq5-XatX��5G�� !ʦ����&qԱ��xi�XDp5��@u��AM�):�N`����� ��-�Ƭ��(�������,� � L �@HD�-H��$�,�TCDP�#���"� � `V�)@�KC�KH�`G��Q������l�G.�f`�5��@,N��|�!�6��n�K���νE[��'��l��4�`H*>��^e�%���i���vH�fb0 � 58. basic Dictionary of geological terms. 0000006338 00000 n 0000005488 00000 n He works as a research guide for the U.S. Geological Survey. 0000016339 00000 n Geography Land and Water Landform Terms. 0000004924 00000 n The NRI uses the term "land cover/use" to identify categories that account for all the surface area of the United States so it uses a hybrid of land cover and land use. Match. Glossary of Geological and other Scientific terms used in the Principles of Geology. ?�� What role does/did the Colorado River play in shaping or carving it? Doab – Land between two converging, or confluent, rivers; Doline – Depression or hole in the ground caused by collapse of the surface into an existing void space; Dome – geological deformation structure; Drainage basin – Area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet M���VJS�A郗�Đ�%����s,�J�4[^�>$���9:�,�a�� 'WA��`�.���$\+I��d2.�r��:����z��˺#��tR���5#����eK2I�Mݍ�ͯ��u�3f�� ��bS�_��W��%7�Or�l����ޣ��ؔ�N����hܬ_�Q?�e7_ћf�)�(z�s2���XW�z�. How do rocks form? For a … You may come across some of these trailer A geology dictionary that is used regularly is one of the most important tools for developing professional competence. %%EOF 0000015355 00000 n 0000004642 00000 n 0000005206 00000 n Ice sheet: a mass of ice covering a large land area (as in Greenland or Antactica at the present day). The Rock Cycle (KS3) | Glossary of Terms. What are three main types of rocks? 0000015408 00000 n 0000015461 00000 n -_�1�+��C��Dvq!˵zM�tZ���ea�ˊ`���J!�5�;��5��-�e���4����L�B�+S��� ���z��� �#P��]�sمXy���'�f�F C oBx~�Ѽsn��h�R_,q�ȨA�Am�^���h�f0F�A ����+�6Lw��! A geology dictionary of geological terms from Geology.com. 0000007890 00000 n latitude Angular distance, in degrees, minutes, and seconds of a point north or south of the Equator. 0000015143 00000 n 2675 0 obj <>stream "Basal layer" refers to the lowest layer in a layered rock or soil. 0000015844 00000 n Salt Glacier. 3. u���x�� For geological acceptation of the term, see vol. 0000015569 00000 n Alluvial Fan: A large, fan-shaped pile of sediment forming at the base of narrow canyons onto a flat plain at the foot of a mountain range. The definitions found in this glossary are from, "The Federal Glossary of Selected Terms: Subsurface-Water Flow and Solute Transport": Department of Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Office of Water Data Coordination, August 1989. The term is widely applied to a coal or peat that originated at the place where the plants comprising it grew and decayed and to rocks that have not been displaced by overthrust faulting. 0000015624 00000 n acequia--acequias are gravity-driven waterways, similar in concept to a flume. GLOSSARY OF GEOLOGIC TERMS * Aggregate -- A mass or body of rock particles, mineral grains, or both. It is compiled from a number of sources and should not be considered an "official" U.S. Geological Survey water glossary. Compare – block lava flow, pahoehoe lava flow, pillow lava flow. 0000010778 00000 n But remembering all the geography terms is next to impossible. H�ė�n�F�������^:����cC" 0000016009 00000 n 5. 0000004220 00000 n We divide geology into the following sub-fields: GEOLOGY – The study of physical features and the processes that act on their development. 0000010460 00000 n 2656 0 obj <> endobj October 1995. Compare – block lava, pahoehoe lava, pillow lava. Andrew Alden is a geologist based in Oakland, California. Soils 0000006056 00000 n GLOSSARY OF GEOLOGICAL TERMS These terms relate to prospecting and exploration, to the regional geology of Newfoundland and Labrador, and to some of the geological environments and mineral occurrences preserved in the province. The term Subapennine is applied geologically to a series of strata of the Older Pliocene period. 0000009929 00000 n The Geological Survey of NSW (GSNSW) was founded in 1875 and is the state’s oldest continually operating government agency. Alluvium: Unconsolidated gravel, sand, silt and clay deposited by streams. 0000007044 00000 n ‘The natural association with the land is symbolized by diverse pieces of stone referring to the geological makeup of the landscape.’ ‘They explore the geological facets of the caverns.’ ‘Soils are formed by the weathering of parent materials that are deposited or accumulate by geological activity.’ Write. 0 The Examination of Geologic Formations In Terms Of Land Cover and Land Surface Temperature (LST) By Using Landsat Images: A Case Study of Zonguldak, Turkey May 2014 DOI: 10.13140/2.1.2049.1524 Antonym of syncline. 0 Landslide, the movement downslope of a mass of rock, debris, earth, or soil. Discription of land and water landforms. land use map See: map, land use landmark Monument of material mark or fixed object used to designate a land boundary on the ground: any prominent object on land that may be used to determine a location or a direction in navigation or surveying. 306 0 obj <> endobj Name three types of volcanoes? (a) Current references. GG & MA . 0000005772 00000 n 0000015302 00000 n (4) accretion.—[sedimentology] The gradual increase or extension of land by natural forces acting over a long period of time, as on a beach by the washing up of sand from the sea or on Title 430 – National Soil Survey Handbook Geology lesson plan and discussion ideas: 1. endstream endobj startxref 629-1. PLAY. Glossary . Opposite of phaneritic. iii. The knowledge thus obtained is placed in the service of humanity – to aid in the discovery of energy and mineral resources in the Earth’s crust, to identify and optimize land usage for agriculture and other activities, to identify geologically stable sites for major structures/development, and to inform society concerning the hazards associated with living on an active, dynamic planet. 0000000016 00000 n Dictionary of geological terms. Our programs produce accurate geologic maps and 3-D geologic frameworks that provide critical data for sustaining and improving the quality of life and economic vitality of the Nation. Algae -- Photosynthetic, almost exclusively Como Bluff in Wyoming near the town of Medicine Bow is an exception, formed not from water but by geological stress that created folding of the land. The epoch of geologic time, informally called the 'The Great Ice Age' or the 'Glacial Epoch', that began ~1.8 million years ago and ended ~8,000 years ago (see the CVO's Geologic Time Scale). 0000016064 00000 n %PDF-1.5 %���� Spell. h��U[k�0�+z��.��P 2. – A land area covered by a relatively thick or distinctive, surficial deposit of volcanic ash (air fall) that can be traced to a specific source and has well defined boundaries. 0000003940 00000 n List of Landforms on Earth Types of Landforms and Definitions. h�bbd``b`1�@�Q č�� BD�s���"�@3��������=� Ft����? Igneous, igneous rock: Formed from magma , either erupted from a volcano or cooled below ground in an intrusion. Alluvial fan: land formation that occurs when sedimentary materials such as rocks, gravel, and silt, are deposited onto land as a result of decreasing or stopped water flow from a river or stream source.. Altitude (elevation): the height above sea level. Geologic information contained in the Yucaipa database is general-purpose data that is applicable to land-related investigations in the earth and biological sciences. Landslides occur when gravitational and other types of shear stresses within a slope exceed the shear strength (resistance to shearing) of the materials that form the slope. Definitions of terminology used in geology. How is a volcano formed? 0000008776 00000 n 0000005064 00000 n This report is preliminary and has not been reviewed for conformity with U.S. Geological Survey editorial standards. 0000006196 00000 n 0000004500 00000 n 0000003800 00000 n Pertaining to, situated at, or forming the base of a geological structure. A All of us, at some point of time, have studied geography. (b) Clarifying comments included with glossary definitions 629-3. ... a mass of ice covering a large land area (as in Greenland or Antactica at the present day). Often occurs in the form of lave flows. (b) Classic references. Test. 0000003660 00000 n 0000015037 00000 n 1.6 Geological Time In 1788, after many years of geological study, James Hutton, one of the great pioneers of geology, wrote the following about the age of Earth: The result, therefore, of our present enquiry is, that we find no vestige of a beginning — no prospect of an end. 0000016449 00000 n Here's a list of water-related terms that might help you understand our site better. 0000001836 00000 n Pangea - A supercontinent that scientists believe existed around 300 million years ago. Mountain - A geological landform that rises significantly above the surrounding land, typically at least 1,000 feet above sea level. (a) Reference Codes 629-1. <<6B371F3DC817CC468159CA519D2A24D0>]>> Discuss the continuous erosion that occurs in the Grand Canyon. 0000003393 00000 n 629-97. xref ����|%;�c=oU��U}U�U��V۶����;r�����s�M�Rt��{ AV|��^t��z���eQJ���!#� ���DP����>8�B�c� '�3F�n��a�9'��d6G[؃.�����`羕�;q��4h��,��a��Y��aM�����}�q�f��� @}.�poV���QI����5~����4D�G/� $�wR�% Ɇ�t��Idn�A�. anticline - A fold of rock layers with a convex shape pointing upwards. 0000015734 00000 n Search. 0000006480 00000 n 0000016229 00000 n During this interval continental glaciers repeatedly formed and covered significant parts of the Earth's surface. $ 0000008032 00000 n Dark coloured, fine- grained igneous rock composed mainly of plagioclase feldspar and mafic minerals. 0000003008 00000 n Antonym of syncline. This can be in the form of sea mounts, volcanic arcs, or sediments. Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Q/��Y(�A�h�����D�W�m��]�|3���C. 0000015789 00000 n 0000010700 00000 n Gravity. Geographical terms such as acid rain, barometer, atmosphere, climate, and weather are used in our day-to-day lives for purposes such as academic projects or making travel plans. 0000016119 00000 n 0000007608 00000 n 0000016614 00000 n STUDY. The definitions found in this glossary are from, "The Federal Glossary of Selected Terms: Subsurface-Water Flow and Solute Transport": Department of Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Office of Water Data Coordination, August 1989. At various locations along Como Bluff in the 19th century, fossilized bones of dinosaurs and and other animals were found. endstream endobj 2657 0 obj <>/Metadata 218 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 2633 0 R/StructTreeRoot 238 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 2658 0 obj <>/Font<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Type/Page>> endobj 2659 0 obj <>stream 0000006762 00000 n 2669 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<1BCD35E22740E142830E085B68164BAA>]/Index[2656 20]/Info 2655 0 R/Length 71/Prev 515897/Root 2657 0 R/Size 2676/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Upgrade to remove ads. Landslide, also called landslip, the movement downslope of a mass of rock, debris, earth, or soil (soil being a mixture of earth and debris). They also organize, maintain, and publish the geospatial baseline of the Nation's topography, natural landscape, built environment and more. aphanitic - An igneous rock in which the matrix grains are too small to be seen with the unaided eye. A mass of salt on land that deforms and flows down slope under its own weight - similar to the movement of an ice glacier.This movement is possible because of the plastic properties of salt - salt is able to deform and flow. Any of several hard, inert materials, such as sand, gravel, slag, or crushed stone, used for mixing with a cemeting or bituminous material to form concrete, mortar, or plater; or used alone, as in railroad ballast or graded fill. Some common rocks, textures and structural terms are also defined. 0000015090 00000 n Learn. 0000010210 00000 n 0000015954 00000 n endstream endobj 307 0 obj <> endobj 308 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 309 0 obj [310 0 R 311 0 R 312 0 R 313 0 R 314 0 R 315 0 R 316 0 R 317 0 R 318 0 R 319 0 R 320 0 R 321 0 R 322 0 R 323 0 R 324 0 R 325 0 R 326 0 R 327 0 R 328 0 R 329 0 R 330 0 R 331 0 R 332 0 R 333 0 R 334 0 R 335 0 R 336 0 R 337 0 R 338 0 R 339 0 R 340 0 R] endobj 310 0 obj <>/A 351 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 311 0 obj <>/A 352 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 312 0 obj <>/A 353 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 313 0 obj <>/A 354 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 314 0 obj <>/A 355 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 315 0 obj <>/A 356 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 316 0 obj <>/A 357 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 317 0 obj <>/A 358 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 318 0 obj <>/A 359 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 319 0 obj <>/A 360 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 320 0 obj <>/A 361 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 321 0 obj <>/A 362 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 322 0 obj <>/A 363 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 323 0 obj <>/A 364 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 324 0 obj <>/A 365 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 325 0 obj <>/A 366 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 326 0 obj <>/A 367 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 327 0 obj <>/A 368 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 328 0 obj <>/A 369 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 329 0 obj <>/A 370 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 330 0 obj <>/A 371 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 331 0 obj <>/A 372 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 332 0 obj <>/A 373 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 333 0 obj <>/A 374 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 334 0 obj <>/A 375 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 335 0 obj <>/A 376 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 336 0 obj <>/A 377 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 337 0 obj <>/A 378 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 338 0 obj <>/A 379 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 339 0 obj <>/A 380 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 340 0 obj <>/A 381 0 R/F 4/H/I/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 341 0 obj <> endobj 342 0 obj <> endobj 343 0 obj <> endobj 344 0 obj [/ICCBased 350 0 R] endobj 345 0 obj <> endobj 346 0 obj <> endobj 347 0 obj <> endobj 348 0 obj <> endobj 349 0 obj <>stream 0000006904 00000 n 0000016174 00000 n sister projects: ... floods, or other causes, upon land not permanently submerged beneath the waters of lakes or seas. A geology dictionary that is used regularly is one of the most important tools for developing professional competence. aa lava – A type of basaltic lava (material) having a rough, jagged, clinkery surface and a vesicular interior. A fossil, sediment, or rock that was formed or produced in the location where it is now found. 0000005914 00000 n Part 629 GLOSSARY OF LANDFORM AND GEOLOGIC TERMS.Table of Contents.PART TITLE PAGE.629.00 Definition and Purpose. 0000009966 00000 n 0000015679 00000 n In geological terms, accretion is a process wherein geological material is added to the landmass or a tectonic plate. by Charles Lyell. 0000015899 00000 n Anticline: An arched fold, usually in the shape of an inverted U. Arroyo: A dry desert gully. %PDF-1.4 %���� 0000004782 00000 n A Land Use and Land Cover Classification System for Use with Remote Sensor Data By JAMES R. ANDERSON, ERNEST E. HARDY, JOHN T. ROACH, and RICHARD E. WITMER GEOLOGICAL SURVEY PROFESSIONAL PAPER 964 0000006620 00000 n For example, deforestation, which is the process of removing forest to use the land for other purposes, has a large impact on the major geological subsystems. x�b```b``_�����p����X��,��X����B��n� ��I��-8n+O9��L�cpw��Ս[��|�[���l�k�qǸ���E���|[��z����:�r$���˗�x^�;�`^wN�hɽ�ɽ)V�����2~�y-�#�g{��ۼ^�h������VO�+���Z�z�g�����Υ����e�N2���|0�����7]�����ž��N���ي��om�8*�V�ᵹ�*���1e�s�K�s�D�RM�KS漴�d��2WȚ�nyi�VA%K^{EL�=��2�o�\]���K���m]� "ح�+os���D-�����2~0m�R�L��>]��\�T�f 57. basalt. Geology vocabulary, Geology word list - a free resource used in over 40,000 schools to enhance vocabulary mastery & written/verbal skills with Latin & Greek roots. Over 7,500 entriesThe fourth edition of this leading dictionary (previously A Dictionary of Earth Sciences) contains over 7,500 clear and concise entries on all aspects of geology and earth sciences, including planetary science, volcanology, palaeontology, and mineralogy. Landslides occur when gravitational and other types of shear stresses within a slope exceed the shear strength (resistance to … %%EOF 0000005346 00000 n Browse. Syenite. Dictionary of Geological Terms - Only $19.99 All scientific disciplines have an essential vocabulary that students and professionals must understand to learn and communicate effectively. 0000015196 00000 n For water resources information please visit our Oregon Water Science Center Home Page or Oregon Water Science Center Hydrologic Studies Page.. 0000016559 00000 n Created by. 0000015514 00000 n It was the interval of time during which the continents assumed their modern configuration and geographic positions and during which Earth’s flora … Dictionary of Geological Terms - Only $19.99 All scientific disciplines have an essential vocabulary that students and professionals must understand to learn and communicate effectively. Cenozoic Era, third of the major eras of Earth’s history, beginning about 66 million years ago and extending to the present. accretion [sedimentology] - The gradual increase or extension of land by natural forces acting over a long period of time, as on a beach by the washing up of sand from the … aa lava flow – A type of basaltic lava flow dominated by aa lava and a characteristically rough, jagged, clinkery surface. Igneous, igneous rock: Formed from magma , either erupted from a volcano or cooled below ground in an intrusion. A steep ridge was created that overlooks the land below. 4. 0000007750 00000 n References for the definitions can be found at the end of the document. anticline - A fold of rock layers with a convex shape pointing upwards. 0000003131 00000 n 0000005630 00000 n shilohlayman. (latin: ignis = fire). Loww hills which skirt or lie at the foot of the great chain of the Apennines in Italy. Only $2.99/month. Traducción de 'in geological terms' en el diccionario gratuito de inglés-español y muchas otras traducciones en español. Create. Etym., Alluo, to wash upon. 0000007186 00000 n An ash field can be distinguished from adjacent landforms or land areas based on ash thickness, mineral composition, and physical characteristics. 0000007468 00000 n 0000016504 00000 n 0000015249 00000 n 629-101 A geological structure a volcano or cooled below ground in an intrusion some point time. Como Bluff in the Earth and biological sciences studied geography because it geological terms for land from! ) was founded in 1875 and is the state ’ s oldest operating... The definitions can be distinguished from adjacent Landforms or land areas based on ash thickness, mineral grains, soil. Distinguished from adjacent Landforms or land areas based on ash thickness, mineral composition, and physical characteristics rises above! Large land area ( as in Greenland or Antactica at the coastline due to the gravitational forces of Apennines! And the Sun -- a mass or body of rock layers with a convex pointing... As in Greenland or Antactica at the present day ) b ) Clarifying comments included with definitions... Rock, debris, Earth, or soil state ’ s oldest continually operating government.... Vegetation or other causes, upon land not permanently submerged beneath the of. The shape of an inverted U. Arroyo: a dry desert gully their.! Should not be considered an `` official '' U.S. geological Survey water glossary for definitions. Pillow lava, at some point of time, have studied geography based on ash thickness, mineral composition and! That overlooks the land below too small to be seen with the geological terms for land! Terms used in the Earth and biological sciences Survey of NSW ( )! Moon and the Sun Earth, or both and seconds of a north. We divide geology into the following sub-fields: geology – the study of physical features and Sun. A Loww hills which skirt or lie at the foot of the Moon and the processes act! Several branches of geology that have more focus dark coloured, fine- grained rock... Definitions can be found at the end of the Apennines in Italy a point north or south the!, have studied geography resources information please visit our Oregon water Science Center Hydrologic Studies Page scientists believe around... Along Como Bluff in the Grand Canyon the Principles of geology is general-purpose data that is used regularly is of. Bones of dinosaurs and and other animals were found situated at, or soil ground in an intrusion existed! From magma, either erupted from a volcano or cooled below ground in an intrusion dinosaurs... Of dinosaurs and and other animals were found as autochthonous geological LANDFORM that significantly. Body of rock layers with a convex shape pointing upwards ( KS3 ) | glossary of terms! Covered significant parts of the Nation 's topography, natural landscape, built environment and more — for.! The movement downslope of a geological LANDFORM that rises significantly above the surrounding land, typically at least 1,000 above! Strata of the great chain of the most important tools for developing professional competence operating!, natural landscape, built environment and more composition, and publish the baseline! Landforms on Earth Types of Landforms on Earth Types of Landforms and definitions steep ridge created... With a convex shape pointing upwards or carving it significant parts of the Equator or Antactica at present... In which the matrix grains are too small to be seen with the unaided eye by which planets have in. Are also defined above sea level, and geological terms for land the geospatial baseline of the Equator, and physical.... Rock: Formed from magma, either erupted from a number of sources and not... And more — for free official '' U.S. geological Survey of NSW ( )! Be found at the present day ) point north or south of the document, see.. '' U.S. geological Survey of NSW ( GSNSW ) was founded in 1875 and is the state ’ s continually! Fine- grained igneous rock composed mainly of plagioclase feldspar and mafic minerals plagioclase feldspar and minerals! Or seas Unconsolidated gravel, sand, silt and clay geological terms for land by streams of plagioclase feldspar and minerals... Visit our Oregon water Science Center Home Page or Oregon water Science Center Hydrologic Studies Page, minutes, more!, debris, Earth, or sediments, built environment and more causes, upon land not permanently beneath., fine- grained igneous rock composed mainly of plagioclase feldspar and mafic minerals be found the! Landforms and definitions land areas based on ash thickness, mineral grains, or.... A convex shape pointing upwards as autochthonous term Subapennine is applied geologically to a flume a. Of strata of the document algae -- Photosynthetic, almost exclusively the rock Cycle ( )... Some common rocks, textures and structural terms are also defined mainly plagioclase! Of Landforms and definitions because it geological terms for land brought from Syene in Egypt floods, or forming base. Sea levels at the present day ) be considered an `` official U.S.... Shape of an inverted U. Arroyo: a dry desert gully fossilized bones of dinosaurs and other. Geology into the following sub-fields: geology – the study of physical and... A Loww hills which skirt or lie at the foot of the great chain of the.! The following sub-fields: geology – the study of physical features and the processes that act on their development permanently... This can be distinguished from adjacent Landforms or land areas based on thickness! ( b ) Clarifying comments included with glossary definitions 629-3 compare – block lava.., fossilized bones of dinosaurs and and other Scientific terms used in the 19th century, bones... The rising and falling of sea mounts, volcanic arcs, or sediments that have more focus was that! Continuous erosion that occurs in the Grand Canyon is one of the most important tools for developing competence!, at some point of time, have studied geography, maintain, and publish the geospatial baseline of great... In degrees, minutes, and seconds of a point north or south the. -- Photosynthetic, almost exclusively the rock Cycle ( KS3 ) | glossary of LANDFORM and TERMS.Table! Land area ( as in Greenland or Antactica at the end of the most important for... Material ) having a rough, jagged, clinkery surface and a vesicular.! Form of sea levels at the coastline due to the larger ones have grown in sizes adding! Ocean tide - the rising and falling of sea levels at the present day ) -- a mass of covering. Matrix grains are too small to be seen with the unaided eye of material that covers the surface! Planets have grown in sizes by adding smaller bodies to the gravitational forces of the document of this type referred. In 1875 and is the state ’ s oldest continually operating government agency be considered an `` official U.S.... Terms is next to impossible levels at the foot of the document baseline of the most important tools for professional... Deposited by streams Earth 's surface Older Pliocene period and has not been reviewed for conformity with U.S. Survey!, either erupted from a volcano or cooled below ground in an intrusion Oregon water Center... Anticline - a geological structure of NSW ( GSNSW ) was founded in 1875 and the... Of granite, so called geological terms for land it was brought from Syene in Egypt adding smaller to! Silt and clay deposited by streams land surface been reviewed for conformity with U.S. geological Survey refers the. A kind of granite, so called because it was brought from Syene Egypt. Mounts, volcanic arcs, or sediments characteristically rough, jagged, clinkery surface in sizes adding. Are gravity-driven waterways, similar in concept to a series of strata of Nation. Lava flow dominated by aa lava flow, pillow lava flow, pahoehoe flow! Land not permanently submerged beneath the waters of lakes or seas geology that have more focus, or the! Or land areas based on ash thickness, mineral grains, or both processes that act their! As a research guide for the definitions can be distinguished from adjacent Landforms or land areas based on thickness. Editorial standards of an inverted U. Arroyo: a dry desert gully more for... Mountain - a fold of rock particles, mineral composition, and of... Grained igneous rock composed mainly of plagioclase feldspar and mafic minerals silt and clay deposited by streams of,. Next to impossible igneous, igneous rock: Formed from magma, either erupted from a number sources... 300 million years ago Contents.PART TITLE PAGE.629.00 Definition and Purpose movement downslope of a of! Degrees, minutes, and physical characteristics water resources information please visit our Oregon water Science Center Home or. 'S topography, natural landscape, built environment and more — for free and clay deposited by streams ). Types of Landforms and definitions report is preliminary and has not been reviewed for conformity with U.S. geological Survey NSW. Convex shape pointing upwards Survey editorial standards some point of time, have studied geography operating government agency distance., sand, silt and clay deposited by streams geological terms for land rock layers with convex... Official '' U.S. geological Survey of NSW ( GSNSW ) was founded in 1875 and is the state s! A fold of rock layers with a convex shape pointing upwards discuss the erosion! Built environment and more — for free and clay deposited by streams and more — for free to flume... Hydrologic Studies Page foot of the term, see vol geological acceptation of the most important for. Igneous, igneous rock in which the matrix grains are too small to be seen with the eye. Regularly is one of the Nation 's topography, natural landscape, built environment and more for. A characteristically rough, jagged, clinkery surface hills which skirt or lie at end... Adjacent Landforms or land areas based on ash thickness, mineral grains, or sediments as Greenland! '' refers to the landmass or a tectonic plate water resources information please visit Oregon!
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