In summer, however, sunshine hours are lowest on exposed parts of the Pacific coast where fogs from the Oyashio current create persistent cloud cover similar to that found on the Kuril Islands and Sakhalin. It has a population of 1,445,812 (2017) and a density of 622 km2 (240 sq mi). The Japanese archipelago grows gradually because of perpetual tectonic plate movements, earthquakes, stratovolcanoes and land reclamation in the Ring of Fire. Port Island, Rokkō Island and Kobe Airport were built in Kobe. [106], Japan has a population of 126.3 million in 2019. Game Statistics. [5] Most of these deep sea resources are unexplored at the seabed. 1. has active volcanoes and earthquakes 2. fierce typhoons that come in from the southern pacific. Three of the four major islands (Honshu, Kyushu and Shikoku) are separated by narrow straits of the Seto Inland Sea and form a natural entity. Rice has a 100% food self-sufficiency. Media in category "Geography of Japan" The following 20 files are in this category, out of 20 total. Japan: geography and landscape Japan is an archipelago, or string of islands, on the eastern edge of Asia. This makes it difficult to meet Japan's food demand without imports. Reclamation of 80% to 90% of all the tidal flatland was done. There are technological hurdles to mine at such extreme depths and to limit the ecological impact. The Japanese people define their country as a “small, resource-poor island country.” … It triggered a large tsunami and the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, one of the worst disasters in the history of nuclear power.[137]. [24] Tokyo is between 35°N - 36°N, which is comparable to that of Tehran, Athens, or Las Vegas.[24]. World Facts Index > Japan > Geography Map of Japan The mountainous islands of the Japanese Archipelago form a crescent off the eastern coast of Asia. Created by. There are plans to build underwater habitats in Japan's Exclusive Economic Zone. [142] The eruption is rated a 5 on the Volcanic Explosivity Index.[143]. As Mount Fuji and the coastal Japanese Alps provide a rain shadow, Nagano and Yamanashi Prefectures receive the least precipitation in Honshu, though it still exceeds 900 millimetres (35 in) annually. [88], Japan maintains one of the world's largest fishing fleets and accounts for nearly 15% of the global catch (2014). Osaka and Nagoya extend inland from their bays until they reach steep mountains. Install. Japan Geography. [96] The Quasi-National Parks have slightly less beauty, size, diversity, or preservation. Approximately 0.7% of the Japanese population lives there. If the volcanic ash continuously flows eastward, then the ash fall would make it impossible to live in most parts of Japan (the main islands) because of a paralysis of traffic and lifelines for a limited period until the eruption subsides. Niigata Prefecture to the Sea of Japan. Japan considers the northern territories (aka Southern Chishima) part of Nemuro Subprefecture of Hokkaido Prefecture. Pacific Ocean: the climate varies greatly between the north and the south, but generally winters are significantly milder and sunnier than those of the side that faces the Sea of Japan. Brief Overview of Geography of Japan 73% of the Land of Japan is Mountainious Japan is an island country consist of almost 7,000 islands, including five main islands, “Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa” and other smaller islands. Geography of Japan January 20, 2015 at 5:22 pm last updated: July 11, 2019 at 10:50 am by admin Japan is an island nation located along the east coast of the Asian continent. [87], In 2018, 250 km (160 mi) south of Minami-Tori-shima at 5,700 m (18,700 ft) deep, approximately 16 million tons of rare-earth minerals were discovered by JAMSTEC in collaboration with Waseda University and the University of Tokyo. [24] The majority of land reclamation projects occurred after World War II during the Japanese economic miracle. Geography and Climate of Japan Japan is located in eastern Asia between the Sea of Japan and the North Pacific Ocean. Nearly 1 in 3 Japanese people live in the Greater Tokyo Area. You need to get 100% to score the 16 points available. It has a population of 104,000,000 with a population density of 450/km2 (1,200/sq mi) (2010). Japan has 265 volcanoes (including the dormant Mt. [32], Extensive coastal shipping, especially around the Seto Inland Sea, compensates for the lack of navigable rivers. About Japan; Japan Geography: Island Nation on the Pacific Rim (overview of the geography of the archipelago) Mark Brazil. [85] In regards to agricultural products, the self-sufficiency rate of most items is less than 100% except for rice. The underground area of Kyushu must be monitored, because it is a dangerous area with a potential caldera eruption. To the north the Sea of Okhotsk separates it from the Russian Far East, to the west the Sea of Japan separates it from the Korean Peninsula, to the southwest the East China Sea separates the Ryukyu Islands from China and Taiwan, to the east is the Pacific Ocean. These are also called the mainland. The insular geography is a major factor for the isolationist, semi-open and expansionist periods of Japanese history. [13] In 2010, 90.7% of the total Japanese population lived in cities. It is used to build man-made islands in harbors and embankments in inland areas. [24] The development of advanced technology has permitted the construction of skyscrapers even in earthquake-prone areas. Majority of the land is very mountainous which provides an issue for those argriculture works as well as well as everyone else. Japan's northernmost islands are located on a similar geographical latitude as Milan or Portland, while her southernmost islands are on a similar latitude as the Bahamas. [134], As many as 1,500 earthquakes are recorded yearly, and magnitudes of 4 to 6 are common. They occasionally reach above the sea surface as islands. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Isida, Ryuziro, 1904-Geography of Japan. Seto Inland Sea: the mountains in the Chūgoku and Shikoku regions block the seasonal winds and bring mild climate and many fine days throughout the year. On the western shores, they are narrow particularly along the Korean and Russian coast, averaging about 30 km (19 mi). Pupils complete a worksheet that guides them through an overview of Japanese geography. Cape Kamoiwakka (Northernmost - disputed). Toxic substances were discovered in the soil and groundwater at Toyosu. The four main islands of Japan — Honshū, Hokkaidō, Shikoku and Kyūshū — lie in the Pacific Ocean off the East Asian coast, neighbouring the Koreas, Russia and China just beyond. [118] It has a total population of approximately 81,859,345 (2016). Japan’s culture began with its unique geography as an island that is separated and isolated from other East Asian countries. You can vist "Travel Destinations in Japan" for the introduction of … [9][113] As of 2016[update], Kyushu has a population of 12,970,479 and covers 36,782 km2 (14,202 sq mi). [26] Nearly one fourth of Japan's arable land and 22% of Japan's forests are in Hokkaido. The population of Japan is about 125,000,000, including approximately three million foreign residents. Terms in this set (14) Hokkaido. Japan's Geography (1) A country's geography influences the development of its society and culture in many ways. [10] The country has the 6th longest coastline at 29,751 km (18,486 mi) and the 8th largest Exclusive Economic Zone of 4,470,000 km2 (1,730,000 sq mi) in the world. Unlike the rainy season in mainland Japan, it rains neither everyday nor all day long during the rainy season in Okinawa. [68] The areas of Japan closest to the epicenter experienced the largest shifts. [34] The village of Ogata in Akita, was established on land reclaimed from Lake Hachirōgata (Japan's second largest lake at the time) starting in 1957. The island area ranks 21st in the world by area. Each region contains several prefectures, except the Hokkaido region, which comprises only Hokkaido Prefecture. Hokkaido (pronounced hawk-kahy-daw) 2. Online quiz to learn Geography of Japan; Your Skills & Rank. Minami-Tori-shima has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw) and the highest average temperature in Japan of 25 degrees Celsius. [2], Japan has the third largest geothermal reserves in the world. Hey! Japan was also incredibly hard to invade, and the culture was kept only mildly influenced by other civilizations, compared to others. Despite being a mountainous country, most of the conurbations are in the shallow plateaus, especially on the coasts, like Tokyo. In this topic, we look at the geography of Japan. Japan is an archipelago, or string of islands, on the eastern edge of Asia. More quiz info >> First submitted: February 23, 2020: Times taken: 146: Report this quiz: Report: Quiz and answer stats >> Start Quiz . The Osaka Plain is connected with Kyoto and Nara. & Kato M. (2011). James E. Goodby, Vladimir I. Ivanov, Nobuo Shimotomai, Geospatial Information Authority of Japan, List of mountains and hills of Japan by height, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Places of Scenic Beauty and Natural Monuments, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "令和元年全国都道府県市区町村別面積調(10月1日時点), Reiwa 2nd year National area of each prefecture municipality (as of October 1)", "What is the Volume of Japan's 200-nm Exclusive Economic Zone? [102] As of 2017, there are 1,027 Natural Monuments (天然記念物, tennen kinenbutsu) and 410 Places of Scenic Beauty (名勝, meishō). [25] This evolved into the capital of Tokyo by 1868. Japan is also divided into nine areas. The
of Japan
Mr. It struck offshore about 371 kilometres (231 mi) northeast of Tokyo and 130 kilometres (81 mi) east of the city of Sendai, and created a massive tsunami that devastated Japan's northeastern coastal areas. All other prefectures have coasts on the Pacific Ocean, Sea of Japan, Seto Inland Sea or have a body of salt water connected to them. Over the course of millions of years, a diverse ecosystem evolved in the lake. Examples of land reclamation in Japan include: Much reclaimed land is made up of landfill from waste materials, dredged earth, sand, sediment, sludge and soil removed from construction sites. Flashcards. [29] Approximately 5,000 water birds visit the lake each year. Lesson Plans for Japan. [50] The sense of motion is consistent with the direction of the Nankai Trough's oblique convergence. This excludes the disputed Northern Territories (Kuril islands) and Liancourt Rocks. Add to New Playlist. The most destructive was Isewan Typhoon with 5,000 casualties in the Tokai region in September 1959. The vegetation was dominated by palatable high-productivity grasses, herbs and willow shrubs. [15] The continuous subduction process causes frequent earthquakes, tsunami and stratovolcanoes. By 1700, Edo (present-day Tokyo) had an estimated population of more than 1 million people, making it possibly the world's largest city. [116] It has the third largest population of the five main islands with 5,383,579 (2015)[9][108] and the lowest population density with just 64.5 km2 (24.9 sq mi) (2016). Approximately 10.3 typhoons approach within the 300 kilometer range near the coast of Japan. The coastal length is about 7,600 km (4,700 mi) with the largest part (3,240 km or 2,010 mi) belonging to Russia. The Island Nation stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea in the south. It consists of a great string of islands in a northeast-southwest arc that stretches for approximately 1,500 miles (2,400 km) through the western North Pacific Ocean. Geography of Japan Basic Geographical Facts 4 large islands and more than 3,900 smaller islands. (2005). About 73% of Japan is mountainous, with a mountain range running through each of the main islands. [24] The longest, the Shinano River, which winds through Nagano Prefecture to Niigata Prefecture and flows into the Sea of Japan, is 367 km (228 mi) long. [68] On 6 April, the Japanese coast guard said that the earthquake shifted the seabed near the epicenter 24 metres (79 ft) and elevated the seabed off the coast of Miyagi Prefecture by 3 metres (9.8 ft). Large land reclamation projects with landfill were done in coastal areas for maritime and industrial factories, such as Higashi Ogishima in Kawasaki, Osaka Bay and Nagasaki Airport. Mount Aso is the largest active volcano in Japan. This will help Japan meet climate change commitments. The term has been the international standard since at least the early 19th century. The Pacific Plate moves under the Okhotsk Plate to the north. Contains Ads. [131] This dispute has prevented the signing of a peace treaty between Japan and Russia. Geography of Japan. During the advance of the last Ice Age, the world sea level dropped. They are separated from the mainland by the Sea of Japan, which historically served as a protective barrier. The Geography of Japan Around 400 million years ago, Japan was a peninsula, connected to the huge landmass known as Asia. Kyushu (九州) is the third largest island of Japan of the five main islands. Fuji and other volcanoes. Learn more. This makes it difficult to distinguish the motion on the MTL from interseismic elastic straining in GPS data.[51]. This made Hokkaido the most agriculturally rich prefecture of Japan. Yet, the population of Japan has been slowly decreasing over the years, because of th… For the same reason, there are many volcanoes and natural hot springs in Japan. [24] Many of these plains are along the coast, and their areas have been increased by land reclamation throughout recorded history. There are 6,847 remote islands. However, mining is strictly regulated in many areas because it is directly below Tokyo, and is only slightly mined in the Bōsō Peninsula. They extend from the Izu Peninsula west of Tokyo Bay southward for about 1,200 kilometres (750 mi), to within 500 kilometres (310 mi) of the Mariana Islands. Geography. Then, due to a chain of many volcanic incidents, it broke off, forming today’s Japan. There are four main islands – Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu. Mid June to mid July is generally the rainy season in Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu, excluding Hokkaidō since the seasonal rain front or baiu zensen (梅雨前線) dissipates in northern Honshu before reaching Hokkaido. Summers are damp and humid, with temperatures rising up to 38°C (100°F). The Exclusive economic zone of Japan has an estimated large quantities of mineral resources such as methane clathrate, natural gas, metallic minerals and rare-earth mineral reserves. Spell. Quiz by Aaron197 . Japan’s geography has greatly influenced their culture and economy. [11], The terrain is mostly rugged and mountainous with 66% forest. Discussion about the geography of Japan including the different landforms and water forms that can be found in the area. The climate varies from humid continental in the north to humid subtropical and tropical rainforest in the south. Japan extends from 20° to 45° north latitude (Okinotorishima to Benten-jima) and from 122° to 153° east longitude (Yonaguni to Minami Torishima). [5] Multiple long undersea mountain ranges stretch from Japan's main islands to the south. Map - Regions of Japan puzzle. At a depth of over 1,000 m (3,300 ft) there are minerals such as manganese nodules, cobalt in the crust and hydrothermal deposits. [148] The potential exists for tens of millions of humans and other living beings to die during a VEI-7 volcanic eruption with significant short-term effects on the global climate. Japan is politically structured into 8 regions and 47 prefectures. [7] It is narrow, and no point in Japan is more than 150 km (93 mi) from the sea. The Ryukyu Islands and Nanpō Islands are south and east of the main islands. However this can be very costly, so for a private residential block of land, a Swedish weight sounding test is more common. The warmest winter temperatures are found in the Nanpō and Bonin Islands, which enjoy a tropical climate due to the combination of latitude, distance from the Asian continent, and warming effect of winds from the Kuroshio, as well as the Volcano Islands (at the latitude of the southernmost of the Ryukyu Islands, 24° N). They are deeper than the Eurasian plate. These plains had the largest agricultural production and large bays with ports for fishing and trade. About 80 million of the urban population is heavily concentrated on the Pacific coast of Honshu.[21]. There is controversy as to whether the Sea of Japan became a huge cold inland lake. In December there is a very pronounced sunshine gradient between the Sea of Japan and Pacific coasts, as the former side can receive less than 30 hours and the Pacific side as much as 180 hours. [64][65] A 1911 survey determined the caldera was 107 m (351 ft) at its deepest. The 5 main islands are Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku and Okinawa. Japan's northernmost islands are located on a similar geographical latitude as Milan or Portland, while her southernmost islands are on a similar latitude as the Bahamas. There is a rainy season in early summer, and typhoons hit parts of the country every year during late summer. [24], The Japanese archipelago has been transformed by humans into a sort of continuous land, in which the four main islands are entirely reachable and passable by rail and road transportation thanks to the construction of huge bridges and tunnels that connect each other and various islands. Rulers have, in the past, shown large political control and closed outside influence, possible only because of Japan's separation. These are designated and managed for protection and sustainable usage by the Ministry of the Environment under the Natural Parks Law (自然公園法) of 1957. The five main islands are (from north to south) Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa. For Teachers. Tokyo. View Gallery 1 Photos 1 1 . So currently there are few deep sea mining projects to retrieve minerals or deepwater drilling on the ocean floor. The Sea of Japan separates the Japanese archipelago (island chains) from the Asian continent. Nippon -- “Land of the Rising Sun”
4. There are 6,847 remote islands. [61] It is the most active volcano in Japan. Effects of Japan's Geography. [9] All of these points are accessible to the public. Japan's Geography. The islands of Japan were created by tectonic plate movements, The Pacific Plate and Philippine Sea Plate are subduction plates. •Did the geography of Japan help their interaction with other cultures (globalization), or did their geography make their interaction more local? [24] Five or six typhoons pass over or near Japan every year from early August to early October, sometimes resulting in significant damage. [2] Japan is scarce in critical natural resources and has long been heavily dependent on imported energy and raw materials. Japan covers 377 900 square kilometres and is 40 000 kilometers in length. Unzen erupted in 1792 and killed more than 15,000 people. [24] The highest point in the Japanese Alps is Mount Kita at 3,193 metres (10,476 ft). The Greater Tokyo Area on Honshu is the largest metropolitan area (megacity) in the world with 38,140,000 people (2016). 4 disadvantages of the geography features of japan. [34] Land was reclaimed from the sea and from river deltas by building dikes and drainage and rice paddies on terraces carved into mountainsides. Honshu is the main island of Japan, and largest at 810 miles (1,300 km) in length. Sign in and subscribe for the latest Japan travel news and updates. Loading ... Add to tournament . The Japanese archipelago is the result of subducting tectonic plates over several 100 millions of years from the mid-Silurian (443.8 Mya) to the Pleistocene (11,700 years ago). Japan images. Beyond the pyroclastic area is volcanic ash that falls from the sky. Kitakami Mts. In 2018 NASA published a theoretical plan to prevent a volcanic eruption by pumping large quantities of cold water down a borehole into the hydrothermal system of a supervolcano. 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